Biggest Environmental Disasters Of The World

World of Human is a complex system of several ups and downs. This beautiful planet has become victim of terrible events, which will be remembered for a long time.

Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico

The explosion that destroyed most of the US oil platform Deepwater Horizon, occurred on April 20, 2010 for a technical malfunction, resulting in the death of 11 workers. The fire that followed was extinguished for a long time, and the oil stratum occupied an area of ​​75,000 square meters. kilometers. Coastal areas of several US states were affected. Many birds, fish and mammals have died. Irreversible damage was caused to the biosphere of the region, which at least will be eliminated for several generations.

Disappeared Aral Sea

The source of salt water is located on the border of two states: Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Even in the middle of the twentieth century, the lake was on the list of the largest reservoirs, but nowadays it is almost impossible to recognize the former greatness of nature. In Soviet times, these territories were used to irrigate the constantly growing number of agricultural lands for growing rice and cotton. For this reason, the lake became shallower several times, leaving behind a desert area of ​​54,000 square meters. km. At the same time, the bottom was uncovered, consisting entirely of salts and chemicals, which are carried with the wind to all corners of the Earth.

London smog

In the beginning of the winter of 1952, the fog fell on the capital of England, which practically completely enveloped the city. This phenomenon did not become a surprise for residents, but what followed was never forgotten. Smog was getting thicker, it was almost impossible to breathe on the street. Transport stopped, schools closed, doctors could not cope with the influx of sick people. Only for 4 days I was able to cover the capital, which subsequently led to mass death of the population from respiratory diseases. According to research, about 12 thousand people died.

Chemical poisoning in Bhopal

In the Indian city of Bhopal, a fertilizer plant was located, on which an accident and a subsequent explosion occurred on December 3, 1984. More than 40 tons of methyl isocyanate was released into the air. At that time a strong wind blew, and the streets of the city were filled with people. In the first hours after the catastrophe from the evaporation killed about 4 thousand people. In the following years, another 12 thousand died from the effects of poisoning by chemicals.

Chernobyl accident

On April 26, 1986, an explosion occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, as a result of which one of the power units was destroyed. At this time, many luxuriated in the tender rays of the sun throughout the city of Pripyat, and were preparing to celebrate the holiday Pervomaia. A fire broke out at the station, and all available detachments of fire fighters, including those from neighboring cities, were called upon to eliminate it. A large number of radioactive substances released into the atmosphere contaminated the soil, water and buildings within a radius of 30 km from the epicenter. Several hundred liquidators out of 600 thousand, including Chernobyl workers, died of radiation sickness, the city and the surrounding areas were completely evacuated. Radiation has severely damaged the ecology of the region both in Ukraine and in Eastern Europe.